冰岛是北大西洋的北欧岛屿国家, 人口为 360,390 和一个 103,000 平方千米 , 使其成为欧洲人口最稀少的国家. 首都和最大的城市是雷克雅未克. Reykjavik and the surrounding areas in the southwest of the country are home to over two-thirds of the population. Iceland is volcanically and geologically active. The interior consists of a plateau characterised by sand and lava fields, mountains, and glaciers, and many glacial rivers flow to the sea through the lowlands.